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Monday, 29 February 2016

#CLIMATECHANGENEWS : #FAO support to design and implementation of NAMAs in agriculture sectors

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©FAO/Swiatoslaw Wojtkowiak

The new online “Learning tool on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector” of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) supports the efforts of developing countries in the identification, development and implementation of country specific mitigation actions in the context of national sustainable development.

NAMAs benefit sustainable development, gross domestic product and decrease the net greenhouse gas emissions
NAMA is a relatively new concept in the agriculture sectors. For this reason, substantial awareness-raising and readiness-building is needed. To address this need, FAO developed this learning tool for guiding national policy makers, advisers, researchers, private sector and other stakeholders working in the agriculture sectors (including activities in crop, livestock, fisheries and forestry management).

Why NAMAs in agriculture sectors?
Agriculture is a crucial socio-economic sector. In many developing countries, it accounts for a significant portion of the gross domestic product and employs a large part of the population. Climate change is likely to have a strong impact on agriculture and poses a threat to food security.
©FAOPrecious N. Chitembwe
©FAO/Precious N. Chitembwe
Agriculture also generates a substantial share of the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in many developing countries. Actions to reduce net GHG emissions in the AFOLU sector provide valuable opportunities to build on and increase synergies with activities related to sustainable agricultural intensification, improved farm efficiency, climate change adaptation, food security and rural development. The NAMA framework is one of the possibilities that exists to unite actions to reach many sustainable development goals.

Five parts for different needs
The tool has five modules:
– Module 1 provides an overview of the impacts of climate on agriculture and the AFOLU sector’s contribution to the total global net GHG emissions. The module also indicates the synergies between climate change mitigation, food security, rural development and climate change adaptation.
– Module 2 introduces the concept of NAMA and situates NAMAs in the context of global climate change negotiations. Examples of NAMA initiatives in the agriculture sector are also given.
– Module 3 describes the step-by-step processes for developing NAMAs. It covers the preparations for concept notes and proposals. It also addresses topics such as feasibility, technological choices and the differences between a fast-track NAMA development and a more thorough NAMA preparation process.
– Module 4 looks at different aspects of monitoring systems and MRV processes for NAMAs. It reviews how MRV systems assess a NAMA’s impact on the GHG emissions and the sustainable development benefits it delivers.
– Module 5 focuses on NAMA financing questions. It covers domestic, international, public and private financing and elaborates different criteria attached to NAMA financing by donors, climate funds and financing institutions.

The tool is also available in English, Spanish and in French. Tailored training are also available upon country requests.

This learning tool is the outcome of a coordinated effort by the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme of FAO. Funding for the development of the tool was provided by the Government of Finland.
 Nama News

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